To prevent disease entry onto farm
Directly From Added Animals or Neighbouring Animals
- Operate a closed herd.
- Quarantine added animals (animals that are brought in, either purchased or borrowed) from existing animals on the farm for 2 - 4 weeks and monitor the health of added animals.
- Identify infected animals by testing new additions before introducing them to the rest of the herd.
- Stock proof boundaries.
- Avoid grazing field at the same time as neighbouring fields also occupied with livestock.
- Double spaced boundary fencing with a gap of at least 5m.
Indirectly From Visitors
- Keep visitors to a minimum.
- Have one entry point.
- Reduce direct contact between visitors and stock.
- Provide visitors with PPE.
- Provide cleaning facilities for visitors.
- Encourage visitors to clean and disinfect footwear on arrival.
Indirectly From Slurry
- Avoid importing slurry where possible. If you have to import slurry enquire about the farms' disease status.
- Where possible, restrict slurry spreading to farm-owned machinery.
- Trailing shoe slurry spreaders will minimise disease risk from aerosols.
- If using imported biological waste spread on tillage or silage ground in preference to grazing land.
- Discuss with your own veterinary practitioner or your DVO the option of treating slurry with lime to reduce certain disease threats.
Indirectly From Animal Equipment
- Provide your own animal equipment and don't lend it out.
- Use disposable equipment where possible.
- Wash and disinfect non-disposable equipment.
- Avoid sharing a crush, race or loading pen with neighbours. If unavoidable, disinfect facilities after use.
- Have a vehicle bath containing an approved disinfectant at the correct dilution at the entrance of the farm.
Indirectly From Wildlife and Other Animals
- Operate a vermin / rodent control program.
- Maintain bait at appropriate protected sites
- Make sure all bait points are clearly identified and fixed to a wall or the ground.
- All bait points should be dog-proof and child-proof.
- Reduce access to feed and animal wastes
- Provide netting or flaps to reduce bird access to feed.
- Provide a closed shed for stored feed.
- Clean up feed spillages.
- Maintain wildlife-proof farm boundaries
- Appropriate fencing is required where significant wildlife populations exist. For example, badger-proof fencing (buried at least 0.6m) and deer-proof fencing (at least 2.5m high).
Indirectly From Biological Material
- Do not 'borrow' and feed colostrum or whole milk from a neighbouring farm.
- Purchase semen and embryos from reputable suppliers.
- Ensure your veterinary practitioner uses new syringes and needles when coming onto farm.
- Only use licenced medicines.
- Always purchase approved medicines from licensed suppliers.
Indirectly From the Environment
- Fence off waterways and lakes on the farm.
- Prevent stock access to land which is flooded.
- Don't use shared handling facilities or housing.
See AHI and Teagasc published guides for detailed information on how to prevent disease entry onto your farm.