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To prevent disease entry onto farm

Directly From Added Animals or Neighbouring Animals

  • Operate a closed herd.
  • Quarantine added animals (animals that are brought in, either purchased or borrowed) from existing animals on the farm for 2 - 4 weeks and monitor the health of added animals.
  • Identify infected animals by testing new additions before introducing them to the rest of the herd.
  • Stock proof boundaries.
  • Avoid grazing field at the same time as neighbouring fields also occupied with livestock.
  • Double spaced boundary fencing with a gap of at least 5m.

Indirectly From Visitors

  • Keep visitors to a minimum.
  • Have one entry point.
  • Reduce direct contact between visitors and stock.
  • Provide visitors with PPE.
  • Provide cleaning facilities for visitors.
  • Encourage visitors to clean and disinfect footwear on arrival.

Indirectly From Slurry

  • Avoid importing slurry where possible. If you have to import slurry enquire about the farms' disease status.
  • Where possible, restrict slurry spreading to farm-owned machinery.
  • Trailing shoe slurry spreaders will minimise disease risk from aerosols.
  • If using imported biological waste spread on tillage or silage ground in preference to grazing land.
  • Discuss with your own veterinary practitioner or your DVO the option of treating slurry with lime to reduce certain disease threats.

Indirectly From Animal Equipment

  • Provide your own animal equipment and don't lend it out.
  • Use disposable equipment where possible.
  • Wash and disinfect non-disposable equipment.
  • Avoid sharing a crush, race or loading pen with neighbours. If unavoidable, disinfect facilities after use.
  • Have a vehicle bath containing an approved disinfectant at the correct dilution at the entrance of the farm.

Indirectly From Wildlife and Other Animals

  • Operate a vermin / rodent control program.
    - Maintain bait at appropriate protected sites
    - Make sure all bait points are clearly identified and fixed to a wall or the ground.
    - All bait points should be dog-proof and child-proof.
  • Reduce access to feed and animal wastes
    - Provide netting or flaps to reduce bird access to feed.
    - Provide a closed shed for stored feed.
    - Clean up feed spillages.
  • Maintain wildlife-proof farm boundaries
    - Appropriate fencing is required where significant wildlife populations exist. For example, badger-proof fencing (buried at least 0.6m) and deer-proof fencing (at least 2.5m high).

Indirectly From Biological Material

  • Do not 'borrow' and feed colostrum or whole milk from a neighbouring farm.
  • Purchase semen and embryos from reputable suppliers.
  • Ensure your veterinary practitioner uses new syringes and needles when coming onto farm.
  • Only use licenced medicines.
  • Always purchase approved medicines from licensed suppliers.

Indirectly From the Environment

  • Fence off waterways and lakes on the farm.
  • Prevent stock access to land which is flooded.
  • Don't use shared handling facilities or housing.

See AHI and Teagasc published guides for detailed information on how to prevent disease entry onto your farm.