Prudent Use Case Study - Pigs
Producer Eugene Sheehan from Ireland has reduced pig production costs per kg slaughter weight by 9.3% and lowered antibiotic use by 90%, having been the first to use a new biosecurity scoring tool, Biocheck.UGent®. This tool helps farmers review their unit management as it scores different aspects of biosecurity and allows farmers to identify areas of weakness to address.
Eugene’s 300-sow farrow-to-finish unit was positive for PRRS, APP, Mycoplasma and influenza and previously had other problems, including diarrhoea, respiratory disease and meningitis. Teagasc adopted the University of Ghent Biosecurity Scoring Tool as part of its Advisory Services package to enable farmers to review biosecurity and improve performance on their farms.
Eugene has implemented a series of management and biosecurity practices that have helped improve pig health and performance and reduce costs. Improvements enabled:
- Control of most of the respiratory and digestive problems and meningitis.
- A reduction in the use of antibiotics of 90%.
- Removal of zinc at therapeutic levels.
- A reduction in days to slaughter of two weeks, with no change to final carcase weight Production costs per kg slaughter weight dropped from 1.66 €/kg down to 1.5 €/kg, a decrease of 9.3%.
“Reduction in antibiotic usage is achievable but requires team work, perseverance and support.”
Review and identification of problems on farms is important prior to taking action. Veterinarians, advisors and nutritionists, along with the farmer, were involved in the discussions to find the most cost-effective way of addressing issues on farm. As a result of these discussions, changes to Eugene’s farm included:
- Reduced stocking density in particular areas
- Changes in the flow of animals
- No longer mixing of piglets
- Introduction of footbaths and other hygiene measures.
A key change was to build extra accommodation to have the right proportions between the different production stages and allow pigs the right space. Thus, the ‘all-in-all-out’ system is undertaken correctly and re-mixing of pigs is now avoided. Although this change required an initial investment, it paid off very quickly –seen in the 9.3% decrease in production costs per kg slaughter weight. It took almost two years and lots of hard work to see the benefits of all the changes but running the farm is now easier and more profitable.