Our Organisation Search
Quick Links
Toggle: Topics

Farm Planning – Don’t leave it to the last minute

Farm Planning – Don’t leave it to the last minute

Andy Ryder, Drystock Advisor, Teagasc Westport focuses on applications for and changes to, Herd Numbers. He identifies how this impacts on Basic Payment Scheme, ANC, GLAS and Forestry schemes. Andy emphasizes the importance of planning in advance and not leaving Herd No changes until the last minute

This time of year I get a lot of queries relating to herd number applications. Some are new applicants looking to start farming, some are existing herd numbers looking to change the name or add a name to the herd number.

Herd Number Applications and other schemes

The application process is simple. Each applicant has to fill out two forms called ER1 and ER1.1. These are then submitted along with ownership or lease agreements of the land that each applicant is going to farm. Usually, a farm inspection occurs after the application is processed to assess the farm and the housing and handling facilities.

This process takes time so any first-time entrants need to get their housing, handling and possible boundary fencing up to standard now before applying.

Due to COVID-19 restrictions, most Department of Agriculture staff, similar to most workers, are working remotely. This will result in some applications taking longer than normal to get approved and this needs to be taken into account when applying. Ensure that sufficient time is allowed.

The majority of farmers who are applying for a herd number will also be applying for Basic Farm Payment Scheme. Some will need to transfer entitlements; others apply for the Young Farmer’s Scheme. All Basic Payment applications must be completed before 17th of May. It will benefit the application process if the herd number is in place, enabling all applications to be completed correctly and on time.

Existing GLAS applicants must notify the GLAS section and look for approval prior to any change in Herd number applicant details. Failure to do this could result in termination of the scheme. This is very simple to do but is often overlooked and could be very costly mistake.

ANC Scheme

To comply with this scheme, an annual stocking rate of 0.15 LU per hectare must be achieved. The later in the year that the herd number has been applied for, the more stock that will need to be moved on to the herd. Other herd number applicants who do not move stock in on time once they receive the herd number may fail to receive this payment.


In some cases, forestry payments to forestry owners were stopped, where the herd number has been transferred to another person without transferring the forestry. Seek advice before changing the herd number where there is forestry payments on the farm.

Due to the additional checks to be carried out on new applicants, payments may be delayed if the information required is not fully submitted, such as proof of right to claim land, insufficient stock, bank account details. This delay can put strain on cash flow on the farm particularly when all bills need to be paid in the Autumn.

Purchased Stock

Have a plan in place for how you are going to source animals, the type required and the numbers required. Spring and early Summer is an expensive time to buy animals. If you are looking to breed these animals, look to source them from herds or flocks with good health status if possible.

This is only the start of the journey for potential new farmers; get as much information and advice as possible. There are plenty of Advisors with years of experience available to point you in the right direction.  The Basic Payment online system is now open and farmers can now submit their applications online.

If you want further advice contact any of our Teagasc offices. Check out details of Teagasc Advisory Regions here 

See more Farm Management Information here