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Relative sectorial income from agriculture in Electoral Districts


The Agri-Food sector is an important sector in the Irish economy. The August Map of the Month shows ranking of the share of the income in each Electoral District (ED) attributed to Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing.

View the map here: Relative sectorial income from agriculture in Electoral Districts

Cartographer: Dr Jesko Zimmermann and Dr Stuart Green

View previous Maps of the Months here

The Agri-Food sector is an important sector in the Irish economy. According to the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine it accounted for 7.5 % of the ModifiedGross National Income, 7.7 % of employment, and 10 % of total exports (all values for 2018). The national median share of income from Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing was reported at 7.6 % for 2016 (CSO). However, the share of the sector on incomes varies spatially.

The Central Statistics Office (CSO) published spatially explicit data on incomes from 2016 which we use to gain a better understanding of the spatial distribution of farmer incomes, and the importance of the agricultural sector in specific regions. Specifically we use two datasets:

  • Median income by detailed occupation per county. From this dataset we extracted the median income of farmers. Even though the agricultural sector includes other occupations than farmers, it was not possible to summarise incomes across all occupations as this would require knowledge of the number of people employed in each occupation. The table below compares the median farm income with the highest and lowest incomes in each county.
  • Proportion of earned income sectors by Electoral Division. From this we extracted the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery income proportions and ranked it compared to the other sectors described (rank 1: largest share, rank 7: smallest share). The other sectors are; Construction; Financial, Real Estate, Administrative and Services; ICT, Scientific and Recreation; Industry; Public Service, Education and Health; and Wholesale, Transport and Accommodation.

While the these two datasets are not fully comparable due to their differing spatial scales and different groups of which the incomes/share of income were calculated they still provide an interesting overview of the distribution of incomes, and the importance of agriculture in Ireland.

As the map shows, median income follows a West-East and North-South slope, with the east and the south showing the highest median farmer incomes. This distribution is common in agriculture as intensive farming is more prevalent in the south and east while the north and west are generally more extensively farmed. Waterford has the highest median farm income in Leitrim the lowest.

The share of the Agriculture, Forestry and Fishery sectors shows a more complex distribution. The highest ranking areas show up in the midlands, as well as in parts of the south and west. This indicates that the suitability of land for more intensive farming does not always drive the importance of agriculture compared to other sectors, and that the economic importance of agriculture in an area does not necessarily show in farmers’ incomes. 

 

The table below shows the median farmers' income in each county compared to the lowest and highst median incomes, and respective occupations. 

County

Median Farm salary

Highest Earner

Lowest Earner

Carlow

€25,802

Medical practitioners

€116,279

Sports and leisure assistants

€4,094

Cavan

€21,993

Medical practitioners

€86,562

Animal care services occupations n.e.c.

€5,124

Clare

€17,144

Chief executives

€113,956

Artists

€8,701

Cork City

€24,136

Information technology and telecommunications directors

€141,649

Care escorts

€8,918

Cork County

€27,172

Information technology and telecommunications directors

€138,851

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€6,783

Donegal

€11,655

Medical practitioners

€110,511

Elected officers and representatives

€6,645

Dublin City

€23,896

Civil and public service Assistant Secretary and above and senior officials

€119,159

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,551

Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown

€21,550

Civil and public service Assistant Secretary and above and senior officials

€142,569

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,312

Fingal

€25,647

Aircraft pilots and flight engineers (incl. Air traffic controllers)

€110,685

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,208

South Dublin

€27,969

Chief executives

€116,691

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,485

Galway City

€13,267

Dental practitioners

€98,656

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€9,474

Galway County

€15,837

Chief executives

€122,816

Teaching assistants

€9,450

Kerry

€18,253

Chief executives

€97,510

Vehicle valeters and cleaners

€6,721

Kildare

€26,049

Chief executives

€119,071

Teaching assistants

€7,318

Kilkenny

€28,973

Medical practitioners

€101,017

Cleaners and domestics

€12,368

Laois

€25,821

Medical practitioners

€103,536

Animal care services occupations n.e.c.

€8,452

Leitrim

€11,130

Medical practitioners

€138,676

Cooks

€10,542

Limerick

€24,847

Medical practitioners

€95,021

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€9,324

Longford

€17,307

Medical practitioners

€171,348

Other elementary services occupations n.e.c.

€664

Louth

€26,101

Medical practitioners

€87,087

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,652

Mayo

€12,100

Medical practitioners

€101,119

Teaching assistants

€6,379

Meath

€26,816

Chief executives

€105,510

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,495

Monaghan

€22,019

Medical practitioners

€149,127

Gardeners and landscape gardeners

€4,880

Offaly

€23,483

Medical practitioners

€125,441

Cleaners and domestics

€8,484

Roscommon

€14,003

Medical practitioners

€112,809

Caretakers

€9,392

Sligo

€13,662

Dental practitioners

€124,108

Artists

€1,042

South Dublin

€27,969

Chief executives

€116,691

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€7,485

Tipperary

€28,279

Medical practitioners

€122,791

Teaching assistants

€7,312

Waterford

€30,567

Medical practitioners

€109,458

Taxi and cab drivers and chauffeurs

€9,276

Westmeath

€23,180

Dental practitioners

€92,004

Cleaners and domestics

€10,304

Wexford

€24,007

Medical practitioners

€102,239

Sewing machinists

€7,591

Wicklow

€23,553

Medical practitioners

€128,877

School midday and crossing patrol occupations

€8,170