Advice for Cereal Farmers with Flooded Crops
With over 40% of annual rainfall falling in Oak Park in December the consequences to cereal crops will be apparent up to next harvest. Rainfall has been higher in other areas of the country, but flooding in fields is evident across the tillage areas. Estimates from the Teagasc tillage advisers across the country put flooding at 5-10% and potential damage at this stage of less than 5% of the crop area, with most of the damage confined to areas flooded by rivers or low lying areas.
“In Wexford despite the major flooding in towns, most crops are reasonably ok, with the major flooding taking place beside rivers in areas which were generally not sown to winter cereals,” said Ciaran Hickey, Teagasc tillage adviser in Wexford. “However, damage may not be apparent for some time on headlands, or areas of the field with poor soil structure, as plants may already be affected by restricted root growth and yield potential,” added Ciaran.
Farmers with higher value crops are the most immediately impacted. There are a small number of farmers with potatoes in the ground and under water. It will be some time befor these crops can be harvested and losses are expected to be high. Ciaran Collins, Teagasc tillage Adviser in Cork said: “There are substantial amounts of fodder beet in the ground waiting to be harvested. Ground conditions since mid-November halted harvesting and now stocks are running out, creating a fodder gap for farmers and a potential loss of sale for beet growers”.
According to Michael Hennessy, Head of Crops and Energy Knowledge Transfer in Teagasc; “There are a number of simple actions growers can take to help alleviate surface flooding which include; checking land drains are flowing into drains unimpeded, checking drain outlets are not blocked with debris such as branches and leaves, where possible create a channel to let surface water run in to dikes/ditches”. “In order to reduce damage it is very important to get the surface water to drain away as quickly as possible so that oxygen can get to the leaves and roots,” added Michael.
Winter barley is more sensitive to waterlogging than wheat. Where winter barley is under water for more than a couple of days it is likely to be severely impacted. Where barley is subjected to sustained flooding, yields can be reduced by 50%. Growers should map out these areas and monitor the eventual plant populations and their potential to yield. This should influence the grower’s decision about potentially re-sowing, or not applying further inputs to the affected areas of the crop. These maps can also be used later in the year to investigate why these areas were not draining correctly. This could be due to poor soil structure, a blocked drain or inadequate drainage.
The upcoming Teagasc Spring Seminars, taking place around the country in January, will help farmers to address the aftermath of flooding and economic consequences. See Spring-Crop-Seminars-web for a list of the seminars.