TResearch Winter 2018
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Feeding ewes in the run-up to lambing
The nursery Stock industry comprises both the production of and trade in hardy nursery stock products.
If you are interested in starting your own business, purchasing a franchise could be an option worth considering. The term franchising has been used to describe many different types of business relationships including where a person is licensed to sell a product, where a person is a distributor of a product or where a person is an agent for a particular product. The more popular definition is where one person (the franchisor) gives permission to another person (the franchisee) to use the franchisor’s trade name and business system in return for an initial payment plus further regular payments usually based on turnover. Franchises are available for a wide range of products and services and the market is set to grow and become more diverse. There are advantages / disadvantages of opting for a franchise as against using you own idea or developing your own product or service.
Greyhound breeding and rearing is an integral part of rural life in Ireland and while it is a relatively small sector of the Irish agriculture as a whole, it is an important element in the countries livestock sector.
The goat has been renowned from the earliest civilisation for its milk. There are approximately 200 farmers with a dairy goat enterprise in Ireland, with herd sizes ranging from 10 to 750.Dairy goat farming is a growth area with an increasing demand for goats’ milk for cheese, yoghurt, ice-cream and liquid milk consumption. Ireland has the highest rate of asthma in Europe and the fourth highest rate in the world. 470,000 people in Ireland have asthma with as many as 20% of children suffering from the condition. An increasing number of medical practitioners are prescribing goats’ milk for children who suffer from asthma, eczema and for those children unable to digest the fat in cows’ milk. An increasing number of people within the ethnic population have an intolerance to the lactose in cows’ milk and are consequently consuming goats’ milk. At present the demand for goats’ milk is not met during the winter months and to meet the shortfall we have to import goats’ milk from Holland.
Blackcurrants have traditionally been grown on a countrywide basis as a garden fruit mainly for jam production and also for confectionery purposes. This crop is grown on a large scale in the south-east for processing. All processing crops are grown on contract and are used for juice and jam manufacture. The present area under blackcurrants is approximately 100 ha. giving 1,000 tonnes annually. The crop has a gross value of €.75M and 90 per cent of the output is exported. Blackcurrants grow best in well-drained soils in parts of the country which have comparatively low rainfall, good sunshine and are relatively free of late spring frosts. The crop requires protection from wind and shelter must be provided.
The conversion of a redundant building can create a new source of income and there are many opportunities for building conversions including: Industrial workshops, Recreation/tourism, Residential
Tourism is very important to the Irish Economy. In 2004 it was worth €4Bn and the aim is to increase this figure to €6Bn by 2012. Fáilte Ireland tell us that there are two important elements which must taken into account, if we are to be successful over the next number of years. They are ‘different product offerings’ and ‘better access’.
Camping is a well-established popular activity in Ireland. A network of campsites exists throughout the 32 counties. A camp site must provide some or all of the following onsite amenities: camp pitches, showers, toilets, campers kitchens and picnic areas. The range of amenities varies according to the type of site. To qualify for the minimum standard category, campsites should be easily accessible, and must have basic facilities such as: water, separate male and female toilet/washing facilities, wet weather shelter (a simple barn structure) and a camping area capable of providing a secure environment for visitors. Excellence Ireland carries out the registration, classification and quality control for Fáilte Ireland.
Cut foliage is vegetation used in large quantities as a source of decoration on its own or in association with flowers in bouquets. Evergreen plants with green, silver or variegated leaves are usually used and species with berries are now also becoming popular. A recent statistic from Holland indicated that 25-30% of bouquets now consist of foliage compared to 5%, 15 years ago. This trend is set to increase further because of the green, healthy image presented by such products and because of the predicted increase in consumption of floral products.
Fruit preserves such as jams and marmalades are mixtures of fruits and sugar, which have been boiled to produce a stable gel structure with attractive visual and eating qualities and mould-free storage life. The products should have characteristic colours, flavours and textures and be easily spreadable.