TResearch Winter 2018
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Infrastructure: an unbeatable investment
Conference Proceedings - Cavan Crystal Hotel, 23rd October 2018 & Horse & Jockey Hotel, 24th October 2018
Presentations from the seminar
In this issue: • Shining a light on Autumn Infertility • Body Condition – Know the Score • Factors Affecting Piglet Growth & Behaviour • All-in/All-out – what am I really doing?
In this issue: • InterPig 2017 Performance • Emerging Diseases – African Swine Fever • EU PiG Ambassadors 2018 • The Short Bits!
In this issue: • Effects of the HeatWave • Mid-Year Outlook • Reducing Production Costs • Pig Farmer’s Lucky Escape • Water Footprint of Pig Production
In this issue: • Future Ingredients for Irish Pig Diets • Potential of Digital & Visual Tools for Knowledge Transfer • The 25th IPVS Congress 2018 • Water- The Forgotten Nutrient
Peadar Lawlor and Fiona O’ Meara - Teagasc, Pig Development Department
Amy Quinn - Teagasc, Pig Development Department, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co Cork
Latest news and development from our Pig Development Department
In this issue: • Full-time Certificate in Pig Production • Getting a better grade! • Wood or hanging rubber toy, how do they compare? • How hot is my hog?
24 April: Horse & Jockey Hotel, Co. Tipperary & 25 April: Ballyhaise Agricultural College, Co. Cavan
In this issue: • Waiting for the Post • Teagasc e-Profit Monitor • Extending ‘‘One Health” to “One Welfare”
In this issue: • New Nitrate Regulations • PDD Research Update & Outlook 2018 • Netting Precision with the Net Energy System
Project dates: Mar 2013 – June 2016
In this issue: • Wasting Feed? Wasting Money! • Rearing Pigs with Intact tails • Review of 2017 & Outlook for 2018 • Liquid Feeding Overview
Economic Prospects for Agriculture
In this issue: • Draft new “Nitrate” regulations • How much antibiotics are Irish pig farmers using? • What floor space per pig do I need?
In this issue: • The importance of stockmanship on pig welfare & performance • The benefits of supplementary milk for piglets • What is the outcome for very small piglets? • Re-thinking pig farm design • PDD Publications update 2017
Conference Proceedings Cavan Crystal Hotel - 17 October 2017 Horse & Jockey Hotel - 18 October 2017
In this issue: • What to expect from the Teagasc Pig Farmers’ Conference 2017 • Batch farrowing • Interesting findings from WAFL 2017 • Enrichment diversity for piglets
Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Ireland. Thursday 4th - Friday 5th May, 2017.
Waste2Fuels - creating next generation biofuels
In this issue: • Interpig 2016 • Efficient, high welfare & excellent quality pigmeat from entire male pigs • GroupHouseNet: Preventing damaging behaviour in group housed pigs & chickens • Advances in Knowledge Transfer
Salad days in Cork
In this issue: • Mid-year outlook 2017 • Pig herd performance further improves in 2016 • Teagasc/UCD Business Strategy course • Safety in the work place • Farrowing crate flooring type and piglet mortality
In this issue: • Consumers & meat quality • Do you need to review your diets? • Nutritional importance of colostrum for the new-born piglet
Pig Development Department, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork
Meet us at Moorepark on 4 July
In this issue: • Brexit – The who, why, what & where • Safe Electricity • Overview of the 9th Feet First Swine Seminar • Fibre utilization in pig diets
In this issue: • Managing fire safety • The IPHS Symposium • The Green Farm workshop • GLAS – Growing potential for pig slurry
In this issue: • ISAH Conference 2017 • AHDB Real Welfare Baseline Report • Agri Aware’s Farm Walk and Talk series 2017 • Pig transport: An overview
In this issue: • Fire safety on pig farms • EU PIG innovation group • Temple Grandin, a pioneer in improving animal farming
In this issue: • Research update & outlook 2017 • Optimum fasting times • Market update
In this issue: Pig Development Department year review. Antimicrobial resistance: What can farmers do? Better pig welfare leads to better pig health. Pig industry review & outlook
In this issue: • PathSurvPig project update • Highlights of EuroTier 2016 • Antimicrobial resistance in Irish pig farms farms
In this issue: • An overview of the Teagasc Pig Farmers’ Conference 2016 • Giving piglets the best start in life • Manure records
Sectoral Road Map: Pigs
New KT groups worthwhile?
TAMS II update
Pig Development Department, Teagasc, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork
How to manage piglets from large litters
The challenges and rewards of increasing cattle/hectare
Wednesday 27th April: Cavan Crystal Hotel, Cavan - Thursday 28th April: Horse & Jockey Hotel, Tipperary
Teagasc Pig Research Facility Update; Overview of the combined European Symposium of Porcine Health Management & International Pig Veterinary Congress; Consumer Willingness to Pay for More Welfare Friendly Meat.
Videos from Teagasc Pig Research Dissemination Day
Some Days We All Need a Boost!; Pig Supply Update; PigSys/ePM National Performance for 2015; Overview of the Feet First - 8th Zinpro Swine Seminar May 2016
Best Available Technology- Part 3; Why are Your Pigs Detained in Lairage?; Performance, Health and Welfare of Pigs Not Complying with All-In-All-Out
A Summary of Some of the Findings from the Tail Biting Survey; More on Best Available Technology; Effects of Birth Weight, Parity and Litter Size on Pig Performance; Health and Welfare
Sustainable Use of Pesticides; An Introduction to Best Available Technology; Staying On-Target; Preliminary Findings From Pig Health & Welfare Assessments on 31 Farms
Review of Pig Development Department Research 2015 Meat as part of a balanced diet Some Good Price News for a Change! Structural Soundness Traits to Look For When Selecting Your Replacement Gilts
Review of Pig Sector in 2015 and Outlook for 2016 National Pig Research Centre Update PIGWELFIND Stakeholder Workshop
Project dates: Jan 2012 – Dec 2015
Getting Through Tough Financial Times Reasons for Poor Feed Efficiency Getting a Handle on Your Figures for 2016
In this edition of Today’s Farm, we have a number of articles which focus on Teagasc activities supporting young people who plan a career in farming. Our cover story focuses on a story from Seamus Kearney about a farm family succession in Waterford. We have an article by Patrick Gowing starting on page 9, which features a young new entrant to dairying in Westmeath. In addition, we have an article on page 26 by James O’Donoghue on distance-learning, which enables those in full-time employment to gain their Green Cert. Our article from the Teagasc College at the National Botanic Gardens by John Mulhern points out that students can earn a Green Cert there. It’s a great time to be entering farming and all Teagasc staff are working hard to assist those who make this excited career choice.
Pig Farmers' Conference 2015 - Proceedings
Teagasc Pig Farmers’ Conference 2015 Piglet Crushing – Causes & Reduction Identifying Iceberg Welfare Indicators During Pig Meat Inspection Manure Records – What you Need to do Now!
Interpig Figures - 2014 performance Are you interested in a high level business strategy course? A guide to environmental enrichment Anaerobic Co-digestion
UPDATED IN SEPTEMBER 2015 - The purpose of this publication is to help farm families familiarise themselves with some of the complex issues that can arise while developing a farm succession plan.
TAMS II Update Barley – Is six better than two? Home millers - Are you losing FCE with soya? National Pig Research Centre- Update Gas euthanasia of pigs Energy supplementation for the modern sow
Wheat & Barley Forecast Growth & Health in Piglets Born from Gilts International Conference on Pig Welfare 2015 Welfare Assessment during Meat Inspection
This report is the detailed analysis of the performance of herds that participated in the Teagasc e-Profit Monitoring (ePM) recording system in 2014.
EU Pigmeat Supply Importance of Particle Size in Pig Diets Deciding When to Euthanise or Not Prebiotics in Pig Production
Feed Ingredient Outlook Safety in the Work Place Pig Price Comparison ESPHM 2015 Research Highlights Benefits of Positive Animal Handling in Pigs TAMS II Update
Pig production figures 2014 Floor based rubber device could improve pig welfare Research Highlights from BSAS 2015 Antibiotic Resistance and Pig Welfare
Moorepark Pig Development Department.
Final figures of the Teagasc National Farm Survey Results 2014.
A Legend Retires One Breath Can kill Tail Lesions on Carcasses of Irish Slaughter Pigs Managing Large Litters
Pig Manure: A valuable Fertiliser - Pigmeat exports 2014 - How Biosecure is your Unit - Implications of removing antibiotics from weaner feed
Focus on Feed Costs - Feed Price & Pig Price Monitor - Research Update 2015 - Other PDD information & updates
Project dates: July 2011 – Jan 2015
Pig Farmers' Conference 2014 - Proceedings, Presentations & Posters
Highlights of Teagasc participation in European Union-funded research and innovation projects 2007–2013
Biosecurity – How Serious are we?
Pig Slurry: A Valuable Fertiliser for Grass Growth
Pig Slurry Demonstration on 16th May, 2014 - John Finlays’ Farm, Ballycuddy, Ballacolla, Co. Laois
Teagasc Pig Development Department
The protection of the national pig herd from the entry of disease-causing organisms is of concern to pig producers because a high-health status is critical to good animal performance, the production of safe pig-meat, the procuring of certain specialized markets and ultimate farm profitability. Advisers and other agricultural professionals must be knowledgeable in disease prevention procedures because they serve as an information resource for their clients. They must be role models in respecting the biosecurity measures required on each farm when their duties take them on to pig units. This booklet will address primarily external biosecurity measures.
Pig Manure: Nitrates Regulations & Research Update
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - January 2014
Videos from the Outlook 2014 Conference which took place in the Alexander Hotel, Dublin on December 10th 2013
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - October 2013
Article published in the Irish Farmers Journal in October 2013
Pig Farmers' Conference 2013 Proceedings & Presentations
Preventing lameness in Irish pigs - 6026
Sectoral Road Map: Pigs
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - July 2013
Moorepark Research Dissemination Day
Pig production is a major sector of the agricultural economy of Ireland ranking third in Gross Agricultural Output (GAO) after milk and beef. Pigmeat amounts to about 6% of GAO. The value of pigmeat exports in 2012 was €507m. Teagasc is unique in that it provides a Knowledge Transfer (Advisory), Research and Education/Training service to the farming sector. The focus of the Teagasc Pig Development Department Programme is to improve profitability, increase sow productivity and grow the national sow herd, while operating to the highest standards of pig welfare and to produce quality assured pig meat while adopting best practice to protect the environment.
We are not producing GM potatoes for production or commercial purposes. Our role is to investigate the potential negative and/or positive impacts of GM technology in regard to this specific GM variety and then inform stakeholders and the general public as to conclusions drawn based on an Irish-specific research study.
A novel transport system (TRANSUS) for slaughter pigs - 6149
Teagasc held their first live online Q&A session through social media on Wednesday 27 February with Dr. Siobhan Kavanagh, Nutrition Specialist, Teagasc. The questions and answers have been compiled below.
References from GMSAFOOD project
Proceedings from the Teagasc National Pig Conferences which took place on 23 October in the Horse and Jockey Hotel, Tipperary and the 24 October in the Cavan Crystal Hotel, Cavan.
Pig Conference 2012
Teagasc Pig Department Feed Industry Workshop
Effect of maternal backfat levels and feed allowance during gestation on offspring growth - 5510
Testing the safety of genetically modified (GM) feed ingredients in pigs - 5822
Pig Development Department, Peadar Lawlor & Michael McKeon, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - July 2012
National Pig Herd Performance Report 2011
National Pig Herd Performance Report 2012
The outcomes of this study provide information for pig farmers and feed manufacturers regarding the effect of low phosphorus (P) diets on pig growth, bone strength and the excretion of P by pigs.
The outcomes of this study allow pig producers to make well-informed decisions regarding the implementation of solid-liquid separation systems on their farm.
Alternative uses for pig manure - 5823
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - February 2012
Teagasc Pig Newsletter - January 2012
The social environment can influence aggression and sexual behaviour in pigs with resulting welfare improvements. Although these do not translate into improved growth performance or carcass traits they can be easily and cheaply adopted by producers and could contribute towards reduced veterinary bills
Important Change on Manure Records
Pig production in Ireland ranks third in importance behind beef and milk production with a farm-gate value of €331 million, accounting for 6% of Gross Agricultural Output. Employment in the pig sector accounts for at least 1,300 labour units on farms. The total number employed in associated sectors such as pig meat processing, feed manufacture, haulage and services is estimated at 7,000.
Conference Proceedings & Presentations from the Pig Conference which was held in the Cavan Crystal Hotel, Co. Cavan on the 18 October and in the Horse and Jockey Hotel, Co. Tipperary on the 19th October 2011.
With the January 1st 2013 in sight, group housing will soon become a reality for all Irish producers. Systems that work for one may not work for another. Group system design and management features associated with high sow welfare standards include:
Managing sow culling properly is a key factor in maximising profitability in pig production. A sound culling policy is an integral part of herd management.
InterPig consists of representatives of a group of countries (currently 13) that compare pig production costs on an annual basis using an agreed method.
The resilience of the pig production sector in Ireland, as well as in other countries, has been severely tested since grain harvest of 2010. Pig producers have incurred substantial losses while having to access additional working capital in order to maintain pig units in operation
Increasing the amount of energy produced from renewable sources is a stated objective of the EU. Anaerobic Digestion, as investigated in this project, can extract energy from animal and plant biomass, while still retaining the nutritive value of the material as fertiliser. This project looked at reducing the greenhouse gas emissions from stored pig manure, by capturing methane during anaerobic digestion which would otherwise be produced naturally in storage under anaerobic conditions. In addition, production of renewable energy from pig manure is carbon neutral and offsets carbon dioxide that would otherwise be produced by fossil fuels, thus helping to meet Ireland’s targets to reduce CO2 emissions. Anaerobic digestion can also help reduce pathogen levels in pig manure. However, it is important to be aware that anaerobic digestion does not reduce the P and N content of manure. Moreover, as the manure will most likely be co digested with other biomass the N and P content of the digested material will likely be even higher than that of the raw manure.
The last nine months have been a period of severe financial pressure on pig producers. Losses are not sustainable. Producers are anxiously seeking some indication as to when they will achieve a price greater than 50c per kg margin over feed costs.
In 2010 the number of pigs produced per sow per year in Teagasc PigSys recorded herds was 23.9. This is an increase of 0.6 pig compared to 2009. The average carcass weight of finisher pigs sold also increased to 78.9kg.
National Pig Herd Performance Report 2010
In the first four months of 2011, pig slaughterings in licensed export plants in the Republic of Ireland amounted to just under 910,000 or an average of 53,509 pigs per week. This is an increase of almost 4,500 pigs per week or 9% compared with the same period in 2010 when the average per week was 49,023. However, there has been no reduction in the live export of pigs for slaughter in Northern Ireland – in fact these have increased slightly (Table2).
Irish agriculture is facing a period of change. The Food Harvest 2020 report sets out ambitious targets for the agriculture and food industry. Teagasc has outlined the developments required for each of the major farming enterprises and the food sector over the next seven years to 2018. The nine Teagasc Road Maps covering dairy, suckler beef, pigs, sheep, tillage, forestry, horticulture, food and the environment, summarize the expected changes in the shape and size of the individual sectors in the context of the main market and policy issues facing Irish producers in each enterprise. The Road Maps specifically set out the technical performance required at farm level to meet these targets. They take account of environmental and land use implications of these changes and Food Harvest 2020.
Economic Prospects for Agriculture
Banks Seminar Presentations
Teagasc Pig Conference 2010 - Proceedings and Presentations
The pig sector is now suffering very tight margins (again!) with diametrically opposed falling pig prices and rising feed prices. Having an accurate breakeven figure for your unit may sound like common sense but (at the risk of banging an old drum) how many owners know their bottom line accurately?
Roy Keane is often quoted as having said “If you fail to plan you plan to fail”. The training of new entrants into any sector of the economy is all about planning to have a qualified, motivated workforce for the future.
Pig production in Ireland ranks third in importance behind beef and milk production with a farm-gate value of €300 million, accounting for 6% of Gross Agricultural Output.
The modern sow has enormous potential for milk production and producing piglets. She has the genetic potential to produce about 30 piglets per sow per year but is currently falling well short of this mark with an average figure of 23.3 produced in recorded herds in Ireland (Teagasc PigSys Report, 2009).
There are reports that carcass weights in factories are averaging ~81.5kg for the first 4 months of 2010. Producers are asking what is the optimum live weight at which to slaughter their pigs.
January 1st, 2013 is the key date with regards to loose housing of dry sows on pig units. From this date all pregnant sows and gilts must be housed in loose groups from four weeks after service until one week before farrowing.
Farmers have been living with Nitrates regulations (SI 101 of 2009 – EC Good Agricultural Practice for Protection of Waters) for the past four years.
Seasonal infertility is a recurring problem on many units at this time of the year. It manifests itself in various ways including delayed returns to oestrus, gilts not cycling or having short heats and increased numbers of repeats, abortions and sows not-in-pig (NIP).
The pig industry is again suffering financial pressure as a result of the fastest rise in wheat price since 1973 (+ €57/ton rise in July).
Farmers are less than three years away from requirements under pig welfare legislation (S.I. 48 of 2008) that sows must be loose housed from four weeks after service until one week before expected farrowing date.
Teagasc Research Magazine - Spring Edition 2010 Mapping Ireland’s soils Bioencapsulation of vaccines Protecting environmental water quality from microbial pathogens Consumer insights: bridging the value gap
The last 5 years have seen a roller coaster ride in Irish economic fortunes with the move from a period of high economic growth to large scale decline. In this paper we describe trends in incomes in farm households in Ireland and discuss some of the changes at the macro economic level.
Pig Farmer’s Conferences 2009
Confirmation of pigs infected with the new strain of influenza virus A/H1N1 in Ireland reminds us of the importance of biosecurity in preventing the introduction of disease onto our units. Now is the time to review your biosecurity programme, paying particular emphasis to protect your staff and pigs! Guideline recommendations include:
In 1995 twelve per cent of the national sow herd plus progeny were being fed on home compounded diets. This has risen to thirty five per cent of the national sow herd of 148,000 sows in 2009.
We cull far too many young sows! In a 1996 survey of Irish herds Laura Boyle (Moorepark) found that 32% of sows are culled before their third parity. The same survey found that 4% were culled before they were even served and 15% were lost in their first parity. Martin (Athenry) found similarly disturbing figures in 2001 (Teagasc PigSys data) when he reported that 13% of gilts introduced onto a unit are removed before they even have one litter.
National Pig Conference 2008 Proceedings
The management of nutrients in organic farming systems presents a formidable challenge, as the use of inorganic fertilisers is not permitted. Therefore organic farmers must optimise a range of soil, crop, rotation and manure managements to ensure a nutrient supply which will guarantee optimum crop yields and minimise losses to the environment. To achieve this objective, an appreciation of the nutrient cycles in farming systems is essential.
Your staff are your best asset. Keeping them happy is the key to the future success of your unit. The availability of better paid employment outside of agriculture and especially for semi-skilled labour in construction has resulted in a mass exodus of Irish workers from the pig sector.
A Development strategy for the Irish Pig Industry 2008 to 2015
Feeding and management of high performing sows in pregnancy and lactation - 5366
Pig feed prices have risen sharply since last harvest. They are set to remain high into the future due to increased demand for the manufacture of ethanol and depressed crop yields due to drought in some key grain growing areas.
The economic philosophy for any successful business is to maximize output while minimizing input costs. Some in recent years might call this the ‘Ryanair model’ but it is the traditional principle of any production business.
Proceedings of National Pig Conference 2007
Pig manure can be an excellent source of plant nutrients including Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). It can be used to replace much of the chemical fertiliser required to fertilise grassland and crops and produce very substantial reductions in fertiliser costs.
North Carolina (NC) is well ahead of Ireland in evaluating manure processing technology and the picture so far is far from positive. With a breeding herd of over one million sows, it is the second biggest pig production state in the U.S., producing an estimated 17 million m3 (3.74 billion gallons) of pig manure annually.
Proceedings of National Pig Conference 2006
Rising fertiliser costs, falling margins in grain production, pressure on pig producers from the Nitrates Action Plan all combine to create an opportunity for mutual gains by grain growers and pig producers.
A little known fact is that pig production in Ireland is third in importance behind
Pig Conference Proceedings 2005
Situation and Outlook in Irish Agriculture 2004 / 05
2004 Pig Conference Proceedings
Situation and Outlook in Agriculture 2003/04
Pig Farmers’ Conferences 2003
Situation and Outlook in Agriculture 2002/03
Pig Farmers' Conference Proceedings October, 2002
The authors specially thank Michael Martin for his constant assistance, expertise and for the provision of data used to produce this report; Pat Tuite for his helpful comments and an external referee, who remains anonymous.
Teagasc Research Programme 2002
The editor would like to acknowledge the assistance and data provided by staff involved in the National Farm Survey. Thanks are also due to M. Cushion for technical services and to M. Clarke for secretarial services.
1999 National Pig Farmers' Conference Proceedings
Situation and Outlook 1999/00