TResearch Winter 2018
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Bacteriophages in Food Production
Feeding ewes in the run-up to lambing
Consumer interest in organic food has expanded rapidly in recent years. While production of food to organic standards has also expanded, output is still not sufficient to meet demand. Consumers have to put up with intermittent supply and imported produce. Home grown organic fruit and vegetables are always in scarce supply. One of the basics of an Irish diet is potatoes and growing potatoes organically as part of a rotation on an organic unit would produce a very saleable commodity.
Tourism is very important to the Irish Economy. In 2004 it was worth €4Bn and the aim is to increase this figure to €6Bn by 2012. Fáilte Ireland, from their market intelligence, tell us that there are two important elements which we must take account of, if we are to be successful over the next number of years. They are ‘different product offerings’ and ‘better access’.
Personal and home care aides assist the elderly, disabled, ill, and mentally disabled persons who live in their own homes or in residential care facilities instead of in health facilities.
In 2004 6.4 million tourists came to Ireland and of those 3% stayed in Hostel accommodation, 1% more than stayed in Caravan and Camping. The highest number staying in hostels came from Mainland Europe and USA and the lowest number came from UK. Because of the vast improvement in Standards and Quality the hostel sector is growing. Hostel in Ireland divide into two categories namely Holiday hostels and Youth hostels. Youth hostels are run under the direct management of an organization or associations such as An Oige, while Holiday Hostels are under the management of a Proprietor or Manager, in other words are privately owned. As with all tourism products membership of a marketing organization is very important both from a marketing and networking viewpoint.
The rearing of geese can be a profitable enterprise on a farm. The use and manipulation of lighting programmes for all-year-round breeding brought great benefits to the poultry industry but geese have not responded to the same extent as chicken and turkeys. Consequently, they continue to have a short breeding season.
Special Needs Assistants (SNA) help teachers in schools, by providing classroom support to pupils with a wide range of severe learning, physical or behavioural difficulties. Assistants may work in a special school or in mainstream national and secondary schools.
Farmers’ markets are markets, usually held out-of-doors, where farmers can sell their produce to the public. Products at such markets are renowned for being locally-grown, very fresh, and sold directly to the public, without going through a middle man. Farmers’ markets often feature additive-free and organic produce and there is a growing demand for ‘value-added’ products.
Farm Shops can range from a temporary stall selling seasonal products to a fullscale, full-time mini-supermarket. A farm shop can be an effective way to add value to farm produce. There is an increasing demand for healthy and naturally produced foods. People are also interested in how it is produced, in freshness and in traceability. The growth of these markets reflects changing consumer preferences for fresh locally produced foods.
Egg production as a business has developed into a highly intensive operation with large numbers of laying hens in controlled environment housing. To maximise space utilisation hens are kept in tiered cages, commonly called the battery system. Eggs in Ireland, in common with the rest of the developed world are largely battery produced from intensive units. Free range egg production is frequently referred to as ‘an alternative system’.
Sessional Childcare Services are the second most common form of childcare services availed of by parents in Ireland, after childminding.