TResearch Autumn 2018
The Future of Food
The Future of Food
Fodder still an issue
The dairy sector is at a crossroads. Like the rest of the economy, it faces significant difficulties in 2009, adjusting to recession and falling world prices. Despite the current economic difficulties, the outlook in the medium-term is positive due to significant world demand for dairy products based on increasing world population and economic growth in developing countries.
This Open Day at Solohead coincides with a large reduction in milk price this spring. There is an urgent requirement for dairy farmers to reduce the cost of milk production. Research at the Solohead Research farm has shown that fertilizer costs can be substantially reduced by replacing chemical fertilizer with white clover and the efficient recycling of slurry. Well managed cloverbased swards can supply 140 kg/ha of N each year at little cost, which is a large proportion of the N requirement on an average Irish dairy farm. Another benefit is that white clover herbage is of high quality and maintains high quality pasture under low nitrogen input systems. Other topics covered at the Open Day will include grazing management, dairy cow health and fertility and use of high EBI genetics.
Organic farming can be a profitable alternative to conventional farming. At EU and global level the industry is experiencing rapid growth. Currently more than 31 million hectares of farmland are under organic management worldwide. The EU land area under organic management stands at 4% or six million hectares of the total area farmed. In Ireland the sector is growing steadily, yet remains relatively underdeveloped with less than 1% of the total farming area now farmed organically. At the end of 2007 1,121 organic operators were registered with the Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food and the area farmed organically was approximately 40,000 hectares.
Guidelines for the Contract Rearing of Replacement Heifers
The year 2008 was a difficult one for the farming community. Inclement weather severely affected grass production, silage making and cereal yields leading to increased costs and overall reductions in farm incomes. Dairy and cereal farmers saw product prices decline significantly from the high levels experienced in 2007. In the drystock sector, beef prices increased in 2008, whilst sheep prices remained static resulting in a further decline in ewe numbers. A sharp increase in farm input costs added to reduced profit margins in all sectors particularly for the intensive high input systems dairying, cereals, pigs and poultry producers. Despite the decline in profit margins farmers continued to invest at record levels in buildings and machinery to ensure compliance with good farming practice and environmental regulations. Farmers, farm planners and the agribusiness sector require accurate and up-to-date data on agricultural outputs, inputs and policy changes in planning their business. Income estimates for 2008 will provide a base for production intentions in the coming year. The results of a survey on farmer’s investment plans for 2009 will be presented. More importantly, the outlook for the dairy, beef, sheep, pigs and crops sectors in 2009 will be critical to making informed planning decisions for the short to medium term.
The management of nutrients in organic farming systems presents a formidable challenge, as the use of inorganic fertilisers is not permitted. Therefore organic farmers must optimise a range of soil, crop, rotation and manure managements to ensure a nutrient supply which will guarantee optimum crop yields and minimise losses to the environment. To achieve this objective, an appreciation of the nutrient cycles in farming systems is essential.
National Dairy Conference 2008 Proceedings
Evaluation of alternative forages for lost cost in-situ winter feeding of spring calving dairy cows in Ireland - 5401
Teagasc Dairy Open Day, Ballydague Farm
Teagasc Farm Buildings Conference and Demonstration