Farm Safety Week
Ireland and the UK have joined forces for Farm Safety Week 2019, taking place from July 15th to 19th
Save Lives: Think Safety – Farm Safely
Accidents on farms are a continuing cause of concern. For the situation to improve the practical engagement of farmers’ is essential for progress.
View more information on IFA website
About a quarter of non fatal accidents on farms are animal related. Greatest risk accrues when animals are being moved, separated or released.
Most common injuries are:
Animals with newborn also pose a great risk. One should never turn ones back on such animals. Good handling facilities are extremely important. Pens, fencing, crushes and skulling gates should be of a standard to facilitate herd size.
These are diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans. To help reduce infection:
- Keep stock healthy – may include vaccination
- Use PPE where necessary
- Encourage good personal hygiene
- Keep cuts and abrasions covered
- Control rats and vermin to avoid spreading disease
Safety measures when handling bulls:
- Bulls should be ringed at 10 months of age
- Attach chain when bulls are outdoors.
- A pen to prevent direct contact with bulls when feeding and bedding will prevent many accidents
- Bulls should be housed where they can be restrained and see the herd
- Signs warning of the presence of bulls should be visible in public places.
All visible defects in livestock facilities should be identified and maintenance carried out. It is a good idea to use a vehicle when herding animals particularly for older farmers. Regardless of stage of growth aggressive animals should be culled. Stock proof fencing should be maintained, particularly road side fencing.
Move animals with the minimum of fuss and noise.
The main responsibility for securing the safety and health of children and young people rests with adults. All family members and people working on farms are required by law to do everything reasonably practical to ensure the safety and health of children and young people on the farm. It is often believed that farm children understand farm risks, but most children who die in farm accidents are farm children.
The Key Risk Areas to child safety are:
- No safe play area. This is strongly recommended by the Health & Safety Authority for children under 5 years of age.
- Lack of supervision. Children require supervision at all times. Always get 2 or 3 days notice when children are bringing home friends from school so as proper supervision is in place.
- Children driving or operating farm machinery. Children under 16 years of age should not operate self propelled machinery, power driven machinery with cutting, splitting or crushing mechanisms. Using chemicals should also be considered off limits. Keys should be removed from vehicles and controls left in neutral. Lower any loaders to the ground and apply the hand break.
- Risks posed by animals. Animals need not be dangerous to pose a danger to children; sheer size can cause serious injury from crushing. Veterinary medicine not securely stored may also cause death. Children should be trained to always wash their hand after being with animals or pets.
- Stacks of Bales. Children should be discouraged from using bales of any description for playing. It is very easy to fall from stacked bales resulting in serious injury or fall between them leading to suffocation. Make sure there is no evidence of children burrowing under stacked bales. Keep matches in a safe place.
- Chemicals. Children under 16 should never handle chemicals. Always keep them in their correct containers and securely stored.
- Drowning – water and slurry. Slurry pits and lagoons should be safely secured. Children should never be in the vicinity during slurry agitation or spreading. Sheep dips and water tanks should be kept covered when not in use.
- Ladders. Store ladders flat on the ground or on wall brackets to prevent children climbing.
- Carrying passengers on farm machinery. Be very aware that children can interfere with controls, if left alone in a tractor cab. Many children have been killed falling from the door or rear window of tractors. There is also the possibility of been distracted when doing intricate jobs which is not taken into consideration.
- Remember farms are not playgrounds. Children will often get into apparently inaccessible places. Make sure you exclude them from potentially dangerous areas. They should not be allowed in farm yards on busy days.
Contractors should always be made aware of the presence of children.
Useful Resources for Children
It is important that machinery used is suitable for the task, properly maintained with all dangerous parts covered. All machinery should be serviced and maintained on a regular basis.
Tractors and machinery should be stable and controls in good working order. It is important to remember that machinery cannot be operated safely if operators have not sufficient information and trained.
Many serious farm accidents occur because guards which must be provided by law are damaged or taken off.
PTO shafts are involved in many accidents often with machinery that is stationary e.g. slurry agitation and milling meal.
When buying machinery make sure you:
- Deal with a reputable dealer.
- Tractors and self propelled machinery have a suitable cab.
- The tractor or machine should be easy to maintain long term.
- The operator’s manual should always be provided. It is as important for second hand machinery as new.
When you buy or hire machinery the law states the supplier must provide all necessary guards.
Machinery should be inspected regularly for defects which should be rectified immediately. Always prop machinery when working under hydraulics.
In the off season machinery should be propped or lowered to the ground when not in use.
- Keep in mind there is no roll bar.
- The operator must use his/her body weight to ensure safe operation.
Ensure there is:
- Protective gear – helmet, goggles & gloves.