Our Organisation Search
Quick Links
Toggle: Topics

Mixed High Forests with conifers and 20% broadleaves

Forest Type 11 (FT11)

The aim of FT11 – Mixed High Forests: conifer, 20% broadleaves is to create timber production forests with an acceptable conifer species (but not Sitka spruce) and with a minimum of 20% broadleaves.

Acceptable conifer species

Acceptable conifer species are as follows:

  • Norway spruce (Picea abies)
  • Serbian spruce (Picea ormorika)
  • Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
  • Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
  • Corsican pine ((Pinus nigra (var. laricio))
  • Austrian pine (Pinus nigra (var. maritima))
  • Monterey pine (Pinus radiata)
  • European larch (Larix decidua)
  • Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
  • Grand fir (Abies grandis)
  • Western hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla)
  • Western red cedar (Thuja plicata)
  • Monterey cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)
  • Coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens)
  • Lawson cypress (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana)

Planting design

Conifers can be planted pure, intimately mixed or in groups.

Broadleaves must make up at least 20% of the total number of trees planted.

All species must be planted at a stocking rate of 2,500 stems / ha and at a spacing of 2 x 2 metres.

Grant rates


Forest Type

Grant Rates
(excluding fencing)

Annual Premium

Number of Premiums
for Non-Farmers

Number of Premiums
for Farmers


Mixed High Forests:
conifer, 20% broadleaves





Additional support measures

  • A Fencing Grant ensures that newly established forests are fully protected from browsing animals. 
  • An Environment Report Grant will be paid if a report from an ecologist or archaeologist is submitted. 

Relevant publication

Further information