Productive grassland farms must have perennial ryegrass dominated swards. Recent Moorepark research shows that old permanent pasture produces, on average 3 t DM/ha/year less than perennial ryegrass dominated swards. Old permanent pasture is up to 25 per cent less responsive to available nutrients such as nitrogen than perennial ryegrass dominated swards. Reseeding is a highly cost effective investment. With regular reseeding the grass growth capacity of the farm can be increased substantially; and the annual return on investment is large.
Pocket Manual for Reseeding
All the information you need on reseeding is in our pocket manual below including;
- which paddock to reseed
- when to reseed
- choosing grass varieties (PPI)
- soil fertility
- cultivation methods
- weed control
- grazing management after reseeding.
If there is anything you would like more information on please contact your local Teagasc advisor or if you know somebody who would benefit from the manual let them know where to find it!
The Pasture Profit Index (PPI)
When the decision to reseed is made, the next major decision is selecting the most appropriate grass variety or varieties. The first thing to consider is the primary target use of the field. Is it predominantly grazing or is it generally used as a silage paddock? How much tetraploid should be used?
The Pasture Profit Index is a tool which farmers can use to select the varieties which best meet the needs of the paddock they're reseeding. It is a table of the top varities and they are ranked based on their profit potential for the key traits;
- Seasonal DM Yield
- Silage Making
- Persistency in Sward
Please click Recommended Intermediate and Late Perennial Ryegrass Varieties 2019 (PDF) for a printable version. Guide to reading the table:
- Variety details: Variety, Ploidy (T= tetraploid; D= diploid), Heading date
- PPI details (Total €/ha per year): indicates relative profitability difference when compared to the base values.
- PPI sub-indices: Seasonal DM yield (spring, summer and autumn), Quality (April, May, June and July), Silage (1st and 2nd cut), Persistency.
This indicates the economic merit of each variety within each trait, summed together this provides the overall PPI value. When using the index evaluate varieties across there sub index values and choose the most appropriate for the intended enterprise.
For more info on the PPI please see Pasture Profit Index page.
Using PPI & Reseeding
Watch Michael O'Donovan (Teagasc, Moorepark) talk about using the PPI when reseeding on Tim Crowley's farm, Tim was the 2017 Young Grassland Farmer of the Year.
Before reseeding it is advised to think about what you want from your variety. Pick a variety that is suitable for what you want it for, be it grazing or silage.